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Cat Breed Spotlight: Persian Cat

The Persian Cat is a longhaired feline whose origin is traced from Mesopotamia (later known as Persia) which is now commonly known as Iran. The Persian cat is remarkably beautiful with its round head, short face, cute chubby cheeks, big eyes, rounded ears and sturdy body. They are a medium size cat weighing between 7 to 12 pounds. Their coats can be various colors that include white, black, cream, chocolate, silver, smokey, and calico. Their eye color is related to their coat color. Some examples of eye colors include deep blue, silver, green or copper.

Persian cats are known for their quiet nature and sweet temperament. They are wonderful pets for any size family. They enjoy affection and spend most of their time in their owner’s lap being petted. Their warm hearted nature makes them great cats for a home with children, as well as a home with other pets.

Persian cats are easy to please and care for. They love eating, playing, and affectionate love from their owners. Persian cats especially love to play with feather teasers and cat nip. A fun scratching post like this one is perfect for a Persian cat. 

A few things to keep in mind about the Persian cat is that they prefer an environment free from loud noises. They do not do well in warm climates, as they are sensitive to heat. If they are outside on a warm day, it is important to monitor the length of time they are out to reduce any chance of complications due to heat sensitivity. Therefore, it is recommended to keep them indoors as they prefer less noise and they are not scrapers that can easily protect themselves from other animals. They also require daily grooming for their long beautiful coat. It’s important to brush it daily to keep it clean and tangle free.

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5 Amazing Cat Facts

Cats are undoubtedly amazing creatures. If you’re a cat lover, or have spent time around your friend’s or family’s cats, you know how unique each cat’s personality is. At VetDepot we love our feline friends and have picked 5 of our favorite amazing cat facts to share with you! We hope you enjoy our top 5 Amazing Cat Facts:

1) Cats Have an Amazing Sense of Smell

Ever notice your cat is quite the sniffer? Their nose is highly sensitive to scents. There are an estimated 200 million nerve cells inside their nostrils that detect odor. To put this into perspective, humans only have 5 million.

Cats also have scent glands on their head and paws that release chemicals known as pheromones. These pheromones are unique to each cat. Anytime a cat rubs against any object, their pheromones are left behind for other kitty cats as a means of marking their territory.

Have you ever come home after petting the neighbor’s cat to discover your own cat almost immediately begins to sniff you? Panic sets in as you begin to think, “Oh no! My sweet kitty knows I pet another kitty!” You begin to feel guilty and apologize profusely to your kitty, begging for forgiveness, promising him or her it will never happen again! Don’t worry, your kitty will forgive you, but he or she definitely knows you were around another cat because of the scent/pheromones the neighbor’s cat left on you.

Ever seen a cat’s reaction to catnip? They go bonkers! Catnip is a perennial herb, which is closely related to mint. The chemical compound within the plant that attracts and makes cats act excited is called nepetalactone. When nepetalactone is sniffed by a cat it’s believed to produce a euphoric feeling, lasting approximately 10 minutes. Nepetalactone is thought to mimic feline pheromones, which is the reason your kitty becomes so excited. Most cats will sniff the catnip excitedly or roll in it. Some cats may begin to scratch which may present a problem. You can prevent any potential catnip excitement scratching damage by purchasing a scratching post similar to this one

In addition to their impressive sniffing abilities, a cat’s nose is comparable to a human fingerprint. If you look closely at your cat’s nose you will see ridges and tiny bumps. These little details on a kitty’s nose are exclusive each cat. No two cats will have identical details, just like human fingerprints.

2) Groups of Cats Have Specific Names

While kittens are typically referred to as a litter, the word kindle is used to describe a group of kittens as well. Pretty cute!

Once out of the kitten stage, a group of cats is known as a clowder. Not to be confused with delicious chowder soup, a clowder is a group of 2 or more cats. Think of it like having your own posse of cat friends. Only instead of calling them your cat group, you refer to them as your clowder. 

3) A Single Litter of Kittens May Have Multiple Father Cats

Weird? Yes, a bit so. Is this why a litter of kittens may have different color fur or eyes from one another? Yes and no. That’s partly due to genetics, but it can also be due to each kitten having the same mama cat but a different papa cat.

This is known as superfecundation. Superfecundation is the fertilization of two or more ova from the same cycle by sperm from more than one act of sexual intercourse. Huh?! In simpler terms, a female is in heat 1-4 days and during those days she will potentially mate several times with different males. Females release several eggs per ovulation and are “induced ovulators”, meaning the act of mating causes them to ovulate.  Therefore, each time a female mates, she ovulates and releases another egg, which can be fertilized by a different male. Does this make your brain hurt too?

4) Hissing is Reaction Due to Fear, Not Anger

If you ever heard a cat’s hiss or been hissed at, the noise may jolt you a bit. It can be a scary noise. Typically it’s believed cats hiss because they’re angry and may attack. However, this is the opposite. Hissing is a defensive expression that arises due to uncomfortably, stress or fear. In cat language hissing serves as a warning to stay away. Have you ever seen two cats fighting? If you notice only one is hissing, it’s because the hissing cat is more vulnerable.

5) Cats Roll Over to Show Their Belly as an Indication of Trust

Initially you may think your cat is asking for a belly rub, and in all fairness some cats do want belly rubs when displaying this behavior. Although, laying down and rolling to expose their belly is a sign that they are are relaxed and trusting. This means your kitty is trusting of you and comfortable with you. If you were a cat instead of a human, your kitty would probably invite you to be part of its clowder!

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Pumpkin Treat Recipes

If you’re looking for a special way to incorporate pumpkin into your dog’s diet, look no further! Don’t feel like making it yourself? These pumpkin treats will be sure to brighten up your dog’s day just as much! However, if you are up for some fun bonding time with your fur baby in the kitchen, consider trying one of the following 3 easy and quick recipes. They are pooch tested and approved!

– PUMPKIN-CINNAMON TREATS –

Ingredients:

  • 2 1/2 cups whole wheat or all purpose flour
  • 1 cup 100% canned pure pumpkin
  • 1 tablespoon cinnamon
  • 1 egg

Instructions:

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
  2.  Combine pumpkin, cinnamon, and egg in medium bowl.
  3.  Add flour 1/2 cup at a time into the bowl until stiff dough forms.
  4. Roll dough to about 1/2 inch thick.
  5.  Line dog treats on cookie sheet 1/2 inch apart.
  6. Bake 25-30 minutes or until treat is golden brown.
  7.  Store treats at rom temperature in an airtight container for up to 2 weeks.

 

– PUMPKIN POPSICLES –

Ingredients:

  • 1 can 100% pure pumpkin
  • 1 cup plain non-fat yogurt
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1 ripe banana

Instructions:

  1. Combine banana and pumpkin in blender or with electric mixer until smooth and creamy.
  2. Combine yogurt with banana/pumpkin mixture.
  3. Add honey and stir well until all ingredients are combined.
  4. Scoop the mixture into silicone candy molds or ice cube trays and freeze.

– PUMPKIN MUFFINS –

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 cup 100% pure canned pumpkin
  • 1 cup whole wheat flour
  • 1 cup quick cook oats
  • 1 tablespoon coconut oil
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 teaspoon vanilla
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • 1/4 cup greek yogurt
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon ginger
  • 1/4 cup water

Instructions:

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.
  2. Lightly grease or spray mini muffin tin.
  3. Combine oats in food processor or blender until oats are about half powder.
  4. Combine oats and oat powder with all remaining ingredients in a medium sized bowl. Stir until combined.
  5. Fill muffin tin 2/3 full with batter.
  6. Bake for 15 minutes or until tops are golden brown. Once cooled, store in refrigerator for up to 1 week or in freezer for up to 3 months.
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Is Pumpkin Safe for Dogs?

It’s that time of year! The weather is cooling off, leaves are changing, the air is crisp, and everywhere you look there are pumpkins! Pumpkins for decorations, pumpkin scents, and pumpkin treats are in full swing anywhere and everywhere you look. This brings to mind a legitimate question that may cross your mind. Is pumpkin safe for my dog?

Plain canned pumpkin in moderation is a safe miracle food for dogs. However, it’s important to understand raw pumpkin or pumpkin pie filling is not safe for your dog. Many grocery stores sell canned pumpkin pie mix next to plain canned pumpkin. These two can easily be mixed up so it’s important to ensure you are feeding your dog plain canned pumpkin. Canned pumpkin contains a higher concentration of nutrients and fibers compared to raw pumpkin. In addition, it’s crucial you don’t give your dog too much as it can be highly toxic to dogs in large quantities. The recommended serving is 1-4 tablespoons a day. However, it’s never a bad idea to give your veterinarian a call to ask what serving size they would recommend for the size and weight of your dog.

Canned pumpkin is full of fiber and beta-carotene. It’s low in fat and cholesterol. It also contains important vitamins and minerals including vitamins A, E, and C, magnesium, zinc, potassium, and iron. Pumpkin can ease digestion in dogs as it adds bulk to your dog’s stool by absorbing water. This benefit can help if your dog is suffering from diarrhea. The fiber in canned pumpkin can aide in constipation issues as well.

Next time you want to give your dog something special, consider adding some pumpkin to their meal or offering them a pumpkin dog treat! We’re certain your pooch will thank you with lots of cuddles and licks for their special treat.

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5 Unique Dog Facts

We love dogs so much and we’re sure you do too! As dog lovers, there are always exciting facts to learn about. Check out these 5 unique facts about our canine pals:

1) Puppies have 28 teeth while adult dogs have 42.

2) Dog’s sense of smell is more accurate than humans. In fact, it’s 1,000 to 10 million times more distinct than human’s. Depending on the breed, a dog has between 125 million to 300 million scent glands. To put this in perspective, humans only have 5 million scent glands.

3) Puppies are born deaf as their ear canals are closed. However, as they grow and develop their hearing, they quickly surpass human’s hearing abilities. Dogs are able to hear higher pitched sounds. In fact, dogs detect a frequency range of 67 to 45,000 hertz/cycles per second, whereas humans can only detect 64 to 23,000 hertz.

4) Dog’s vision allows them to see in the dark. Their larger pupils let in more light and the center of their retina has more light sensitive cells. In addition, the tapetum is a mirror like structure towards the back of a dog’s eye that reflects light, allowing the retina the ability to register light that has entered the eye. The tapetum is also the reason why dog’s eyes glow at night.

5) Dog’s only have sweat glands on their paws between their paw pads. This is why they pant to cool down. This is important to remember as dogs are susceptible to overheating in warm weather and the proper precautions must be taken to prevent overheating.

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Diabetes in Cats

Diabetes is a disease that occurs in cats due to the inability to produce enough insulin to balance glucose levels. Just like humans, cats need sugar in the form of glucose for energy.  It’s important to treat Diabetes in cats as it can lead to weight loss, dehydration, problems with motor function, and possibly even death. Increased thirst and increased urination are two main symptoms that your cat may exhibit if affected by the disease. Sugar builds up in the bloodstream ultimately causing these types of symptoms. If you notice any of these symptoms, a visit with your veterinarian is necessary for a diagnosis. During their visit with the veterinarian, your cat’s glucose concentrations will be tested in both their blood and urine to determine if they’re suffering from Diabetes. Upon diagnosis of Diabetes, the veterinarian will provide a treatment plan that may include a change in diet, use of medications, or insulin injections. In addition, monitoring your cat’s glucose levels at home may be recommended.


The disease can affect any cat of any weight, but it’s most commonly seen in cats who are overweight. This makes it important to keep your cat healthy with a proper diet and exercise. Along with your cat’s treatment plan, a diet of protein and decreased carbohydrate content is ideal for cats suffering from Diabetes. Surprisingly, many dry cat foods are made with starch which makes them high in carbohydrates. Therefore, your veterinarian may suggest switching to a specially formulated food or an all canned food diet. No matter the treatment plan provided for your cat, it’s important to keep an eye on her weight and monitor her symptoms. It’s crucial to maintain routine visits with the veterinarian to evaluate her progress and report any changes or concerns. With the help of their humans managing and maintaining their individual needs, cats can live long prosperous lives with Diabetes.

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Preparing Your Pet for Emergencies

No matter what we do, emergencies due to weather are bound to arise. It’s common practice to have a plan in place for these events with our families, but does your emergency plan include your pets? Including your pets in your emergency preparedness can be easily overlooked as it may just be assumed care for your pets will fall into place. What isn’t accounted for sometimes is how your pet may react to an emergency. Loud noises from wind, rain, or thunder may frighten your pal causing them to become anxious and scared. While us humans understand where these noises are coming from, our pets do not, which makes it extra nerve wracking. Some pets become so anxious that they may try to escape and run away. This is incredibly common so much so that animal shelters see a rise in lost animals after storms. This is an important reason to keep an identification tag on your pet at all times. Microchipping your pet and ensuring  your contact information is up to date is a wise idea as well.

Whether disastrous weather is expected or not, you should always have ample supplies for your pet. It’s not uncommon for weather to turn severe when it wasn’t expected, this makes preparedness so vital. Having enough food and water for your pet during an emergency is just as important as it is for you and should always be considered. Necessities to include are:

-3 day supply of food and water

Collar or harness with ID tag, rabies tag, and a leash

-Pet carrier

-Medication and medical records including registration information and vaccination documents

-Toys, bedding, and treats

There is a chance that while an emergency may arise, you may not be at home or may not have access to get back home. Preparing for this type of scenario is necessary. Having a trusted neighbor or friend who lives nearby to check on your pet in this scenario is important. Not only will it ease your pets peace of mind, but also yours. No matter what, leaving your pet behind is never an option. Prior preparedness ensures this will not happen. It’s easy to put emergency preparedness on the back burner, but in doing so it results in extra stress on you and your pet. As a family, come up with a plan today and ensure all supplies for your pets are in an area easily accessible and known to all family members. Emergencies can be scary, but being prepared will greatly aide in getting through them with your pet.

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Rabies Awareness

Each year, many animals are affected by the deadly disease Rabies. Rabies is most commonly transmitted to pets when bitten by infected wild animals. Once saliva from an infected animal enters the body, the virus begins to aggressively attack the central nervous system and the body’s organs.

Animals infected with the Rabies virus show various behavioral signs including aggression, drooling, paralysis, seizures, as well as difficulty swallowing. The virus incubates approximately two to eight weeks before signs are noticed and transmission of the virus to other hosts can occur as early as ten days before the onset of symptoms. Sadly, once an animal displays the symptoms of the virus, there is no treatment available as the virus will take the animal’s life.

One reason Rabies is a concerning disease is because there is no cure and it is easily transmittable to not only other animals, but humans. In fact, Rabies is a major concern worldwide as it kills approximately 55,000 humans every year. September 28, 2017 is dedicated as Rabies Awareness Day to help spread knowledge of the disease and encourage prevention in order to save the lives of animals and humans.

Rabies is preventable through vaccination, making it crucial to have your dogs, cats, and ferrets vaccinated and kept up to date. Having your pet vaccinated is so important because the virus is easily transmittable and there is no cure if the virus is contracted. The virus quickly enters the salivary gland allowing the virus to be spread through a bite wound or a scratch when infected saliva makes contact with mucous membranes or an open wound.

Having your pet vaccinated for rabies not only protects him or her, but also other animals or humans if your pet were to bite them. The risk of rabies runs highest if your pet is unvaccinated and exposed to wild animals such as foxes, skunks, raccoons, or bats. If you suspect your pet has been bitten by an infected animal, take them to the vet immediately. If your pet is up to date with its vaccinations he or she will be given a Rabies booster and be kept under observation for a few weeks. Keeping up to date with your pet’s health and required vaccinations goes a long way in prevention of deadly diseases like Rabies.

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5 Lovable Dog Breeds for Families

When you’re considering adopting a dog there are many questions to ask yourself. Are you ready for the responsibility? Are my living arrangements safe and adequate for a dog? Among the many questions you ask yourself, a big question to consider is the breed. You may have always dreamed of owning a specific breed of dog, but what’s important to consider is whether that breed will thrive in a family environment. This makes it crucial to do your research on breeds you’re looking to adopt. Consider the following 5 breeds that we absolutely love:

Labrador Retriever– Labs are well known as being friendly and outgoing. They love to run and play making it important to ensure they will receive adequate exercise if you choose to adopt this breed. Labs are wonderful family pets as they get along with other pets and children.

Pug– Don’t let the Pug’s small stature fool you, these pups are clowns that are full of life! They are an even tempered but mischievous breed who love to cuddle. They make lifelong pals for adults, children, as well as other family pets.

Beagle– Known for their friendly and curious personalities, Beagle’s make a great addition to any family home. They get along with other pets and do very well with children. They are a loving and devoted breed who are highly energetic. If you’re considering owning a Beagle, their need for daily exercise for their health as well as to help burn up all their rambunctious energy is a necessity.

Collie– Collie’s are extremely devoted and loyal to their owners. This highly active breed loves daily runs outside as well as lounging at home with their human families. They are wonderful with children but may require some supervision when near other pets.

Bulldog- Bulldogs are a courageous, friendly and amusing breed of dog. Their kind and gentle personalities make them a wonderful addition to any home with children and pets.

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Hypothyroidism in Dogs

Hypothyroidism is a condition that affects many dogs. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and creates a hormone called thyroxine. Thyroxine controls a dog’s metabolism. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough of the thyroxine hormone.

Hypothyroidism is a common disease found in dogs that affects all breeds of dogs and usually happens in middle age. While hypothyroidism is prevalent in dogs, it’s rarely found in cats. Instead, cats are more commonly diagnosed with Hyperthyroidism which occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much of the thyroxine hormone.

Thankfully, Hypothyroidism is not life threatening and is easily treatable. However, it’s crucial to know the symptoms and have your dog examined by a veterinarian for a proper diagnoses. If the disease is not treated, it will affect your pet’s quality of life.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
-Hair Loss
-Weight Gain
-Muscle Loss
-Decreased Heart Rate
-Reoccurring Ear infections

Your dog’s veterinarian will evaluate your dog as well as take blood samples to determine if Hypothyroidism is indeed the cause for your pal’s symptoms. A series of blood tests will be performed to rule out any other underlying factors that may be causing your pet’s symptoms.

If Hypothyroidism is confirmed, you will need to work closely with your pet’s veterinarian to treat and maintain the disease. The disease is easily treated and consists of putting your dog on a daily dose of synthetic thyroid hormone. The dosage and frequency of the medication will vary dog to dog depending on the severity of the disease in each animal. Routine check ups are important for your dog, as blood samples are needed to ensure he or she is adjusting to their dosage accordingly. Treatment for Hypothyroidism will be required for the rest of your dog’s life but the symptoms will dissipate after the first treatment.

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