The cornea is the outer layer that is transparent at the front of the eye. Due to the delicate nature of the cornea, any material in the eye or trauma to the eye can easily result in a corneal abrasion. Many dogs go their whole life never suffering from this type of injury, while certain breeds may commonly experience this injury due to their large eyes.
Common Causes for Corneal Abrasions Include:
- Running through heavy vegetation
- Deformity in the structure of the eye
- Fights or playful swatting with other animals
- Foreign bodies in the eye
If you’re not familiar with corneal abrasions but you notice your dog exhibiting any of the following symptoms, you should take them to the Veterinarian for treatment:
- Blinking Rapidly
- Pawing or scratching the eye
If your dog’s veterinarian determines there is a foreign body in the eye causing your dog’s abrasion, the foreign body will be removed and your dog’s eye will be examined for further injury. Treatment will depend on how severe the injury is along with what part of the eye was injured. Typically your dog will need to wear a cone until the abrasion heals to prevent scratching. In addition, atropine or antibiotic eye solutions may be prescribed to aide in your dog’s healing.
Most corneal abrasions are treatable with medications, but there are instances when abrasions are wide or deep and require suturing.
To avoid corneal abrasions consider the following suggestions:
- Take care when introducing your dog to other pets that may paw at their face
- Discourage your dog from running through dense vegetation
- Discourage your dog from rough housing with other animals, even if it’s playful