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Why Do Cats Act Like Their Food Bowl Is Empty?

cateatingfoodnlThere is a very strange phenomenon that surrounds cats, and it is a well known fact among feline owners everywhere; cats pretending their food bowl is empty even though it’s not. A lot of the time when cats are meowing repeatedly by their bowl to tell you, “I NEED FOOD!”, there is actually food still in there. Sure, the food in the middle will be missing, exposing the bottom of the bowl – but there is still plenty of food around the edges. After lots of speculation and theorizing from cat lovers from across the globe, there finally may be an answer to this burning question: why do cats demand more food when their bowl still has plenty?

catlogic

This cat quirk is so common that there are several memes about it. LOL

Many people think that perhaps this is some kind of instinctual trait passed down from their wild ancestors, a sort of survival technique to ensure that they always have as much food as possible (basically food hoarding). Others think that it could have a more simple reason, like the cat wanting fresh food versus the stale food that has been in the bowl. So, is it an instinct for survival or a tantrum of a spoiled cat? It doesn’t appear to be either, but the answer may lie when considering the whiskers of a cat.

catwhiskers

Cat whiskers are pretty majestic, tbh.

Cats’ whiskers aren’t just for looks; they are definitely adorable, but also very useful for navigating their surroundings. Whiskers are actually special tactile hairs called vibrissae, that have extremely sensitive follicles containing a LOT of nerves at their roots. In the wild, these whiskers help them detect the proximity of predators, prey, weather, and other environmental factors surrounding them. In our homes, they help them gauge whether or not they can fit in that super tiny box you left on the floor, among other things. Due to a cat’s poor eyesight, their whiskers compensate for their sensory needs – kind of like an insect’s antennae. A cat’s whiskers are so sensitive, that they can detect the slightest draft, and are alerted by any drops in air pressure or temperature.

catjumpinginbox

Whisker malfunction!

Since there are so many nerves at the root of a cat whisker, there can definitely be pain caused by any damage done to them. For instance, if a child tries to pull a whisker out of a cat’s face, it’ll cause an IMMENSE amount of pain. If a cat runs face-first into a wall, the pressure put on the hair follicle will hurt its whiskers as well. Anyone who has ever had nerve pain will know that it is a lasting sensation that takes a while to go away – and if enough damage is done, it sticks around forever. Usually though, these whiskers are just used as a guide and warning signal to the cat, and any slight discomfort with them is associated with impending danger or pain. When a cat whisker comes in contact with something, it alerts the kitty that it needs to be cautious.

catagilecropped

This cat used its whiskers to be agile, but then got stuck in this troubling position.

Now, think of a cat eating its food out of a bowl: they obviously eat the food right in the middle of the bowl first, and then leave the rest of it around the edges untouched. It is fair to deduce based on all of the evidence presented above that perhaps some cats refuse to eat the food around the edges because their whiskers are touching the sides while they eat it! As mentioned, the whiskers are very sensitive with many nerves at the follicle, so even slight contact with objects could cause discomfort and perhaps pain. There is actually a name for this, and it is referred to as “whisker stress.” This particular theory has been posited by Ingrid King, a veterinarian and author who said this in her blog:

“Whiskers are extremely sensitive, and when a food bowl is too narrow and too deep, a cat is forced to put her face all the way into the bowl to reach her food. This causes her whiskers to bump against the side of the bowl, which causes discomfort. In extreme cases, cats may refuse to eat out of deep, narrow bowls altogether.”catlogicfood

This makes a lot of sense considering the fact that eating is one of cats’ favorite things to do (besides napping); so naturally, it would want to avoid eating food that is positioned in a way that causes even the slightest discomfort to their whiskers. Just imagine if you had a bunch of ingrown hairs on your face (one of the most painful things ever), and that in order to eat, you had to stick your face into a bowl. You’d obviously be eating the food that did NOT touch your ingrown hairs, and leave the food that does (unless you are really hungry and desperate). So obviously a cat (who is already usually somewhat neurotic to begin with) is going to avoid that food altogether and demand for more food to be put in its bowl in the center, where it is comfortable for them to eat out of. If your cat doesn’t do this, then perhaps they have a higher tolerance for uncomfortable whiskers.

cateatingfood2

“No pain, no gain, bro.”

So there you have it, folks; a pretty solid and semi-definitive answer to our burning inquiry concerning our beloved felines’ strange eating habits. You may believe it or you may not, but I guarantee you that next time your cat begs for food even though 75% of their bowl has food in it, shift the food around! Push the food into the center of the bowl and make a little mountain of kibble, and see if they eat it. Or, put it on a flat surface, plate, or wider bowl that won’t come in contact with their whiskers. I bet you they will eat the food, and if not, then you may just have a picky eater on your hands!catstealingfoodcropped

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{ 19 comments… add one }
  • Bob the Cat Lady September 29, 2016, 6:02 am

    This article was doing so well–until its concluding sentence. Perhaps it should have stated “I bet you they will eat the food, and if not, then you may just have left the food in the bowl for too long!”

    Thank you for an interesting and informative article.

    • VetDepot September 29, 2016, 9:38 am

      Thanks Bob, I changed it to “picky eater” rather than spoiled brat, I agree it was a little bit harsh. 😛 I have a silly sense of humor towards my animals where I call them spoiled brats (even though it’s my fault they’re spoiled LOL). Glad you enjoyed the article, let me know if you have any other experiences relevant to this topic! 🙂

  • Charles Wild September 29, 2016, 6:32 am

    wow! I did not know any of this…how incredibly fascinating and needed info for any cat lover. Even more fascinating though..a few months ago I started using a utensil to move the food around the edges of the plate to the center of the plate for my kitty. I was not even sure if it was going to work, but I noticed exactly what you said – and got tired of wasting food. And it has worked – most of the time. If she is hungry – she will then finish. But wow – thanks so much for this great article – I will pass the info along!

    • VetDepot September 29, 2016, 9:41 am

      Thanks, Charles! Yeah, apparently this has been a mystery for quite some time, but now it’s beginning to make sense! 😛 I was surprised to see how many people were debating it online, with different reasoning and theories and such. It’s quite a hot-button issue! Thank you for sharing your praise as well as your experience! Now if we could only find out why cats are so stand-offish…:P

  • Mishqueen September 29, 2016, 11:21 am

    Oh man, this is eye-opening. I actually did suspect my cat didn’t want to touch the food with her whiskers; I guessed that part right. But I DIDN’T know that it was because of irritation or pain. I thought she was being fussy or spoiled. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve blown her off and told her she’ll eat it if she gets hungry enough.
    And she has had to several times. Now I feel bad. 🙁 Does anyone know of a food dispenser that deposits onto a plate instead of in a bowl?

    • VetDepot September 29, 2016, 2:00 pm

      Aww, it’s okay, I’m sure everyone has been there! 🙂 This is relatively unknown to the cat-owning community, and there are a lot of people that don’t believe it at all because it’s not “proven by science” which I find a little absurd. Considering that we humans avoid A LOT of activities due to their slight level of discomfort, is it that far of a reach to think that cats do the same? I think not! Off the top of my head I don’t know of any cat food dispenser that goes onto a plate vs. a bowl, but I’m sure someone has invented it! 😛 If you find one let me know!

  • Toni September 29, 2016, 3:27 pm

    I’ve heard of Whisker Stress. That is why I feed my girls in oblong bowls, as well as low sided shallow dishes for wet food. Needless to say, All the food is gone. My one kitty has insanely long whiskers too, so I’d hate for her to feel any discomfort. However, by the looks of her waist line, she is apparently doing just fine.

    • VetDepot September 30, 2016, 1:38 pm

      Wow, awesome, Toni! I have never heard of it and never really thought about it, since I just assumed whiskers were just like a normal hair follicle! Where do you get your oblong bowls, and are they for humans or specifically for cats? The catfood bowl we have right now is pretty shallow and I don’t recall my cats ever complaining either, and they usually eat all of the food (which is also obvious by their waistlines).

  • Linda Lovey's Mom September 30, 2016, 6:50 am

    Thanks for the great article! This answers every thing. We call it blessing the food, as we bless it by moving the food to the middle of the dish! Can you answer why she wants you to either pet her while she eats or stand over ?

    • VetDepot September 30, 2016, 1:40 pm

      LMAO! I love that SO MUCH! BLESSING THE FOOD, how adorable! <3 I imagine you pushing it around and humming? LOL 😛 Thanks for sharing that with us! As for her wanting you to pet her while she eats, I'm not sure...maybe she has food anxiety, like someone is going to steal her food? If she's a rescue cat this could be very likely that she is wanting someone to "guard" her food while she eats it, or keep her safe while she's eating?

      • Eileen Atkinson March 28, 2017, 9:48 am

        I noticed some ages ago that my kitties will eat more/longer if I stay there and pet them – or even just “be there”. I’d thought it was to “please Me” for feeding them. If I just set the food down and go elsewhere, they will eat for a bit and then stop and look up and around. If I go back, they will again eat and if I pet them, they will eat even more. I sorta wondered if it made them feel “safe”, or were they appeasing the “alpha cat” – me for giving them permission to eat ???

  • Heather September 30, 2016, 8:50 pm

    Wow! This article is really interesting! I would have never guessed whiskers were keeping my kitty and all the ones I care for from eating the walled food. LOL My personal kitty’s internal alarm clock is never late when it’s time for breakfast or dinner! Thank you for such a great article!

  • Laura October 6, 2016, 10:14 am

    LeRoi has instructed me to send you this message:

    Thank you for finally getting this through Laura’s thick head!

  • Mobee's Mom October 20, 2016, 5:57 am

    Thank you SO much for the enlightening information! Now I know why my 6 cats all try rush to the shallow dishes at feeding time! Next question: why does one of my cats drop food into the water bowl and then “fish” it out with her paw? She’ll do this with wet or dry food so my thoughts about her wanting to moisten the kibble seem unfounded…..

  • Debbie October 20, 2016, 5:18 pm

    My “kids” finish their bowls, but they do start asking for refills before they are empty. I always assumed it was because cats like the concept of “abundance”, especially when there are other cats around.

  • Chantelle March 27, 2017, 6:38 pm

    This might finally explain why we have a 2 year old male Maine coon that takes the food out of the dish and plays with it before he eats, and an 8 year old female Maine coon center eater! Bowl hunting this weekend!

  • Jody Chamberlain April 8, 2017, 5:16 pm

    Thanks so much! This helped me solve my picky cat problem! Just cut his whiskers off and he eats all the food 🙂 !

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